The New Testament was written in the dialect of Greek commonly spoken in the first century around the Mediterranean Sea. This dialect is known as “hellenistic Greek” or “koine” Greek which itself had geographic variation. Hellenistic Greek is a product of Alexander’s unification of Greece and subsequent conquests which exported Greek language and culture around the Mediterranean. We see, for instance, the full range of verb forms in the classical Greek of Athens. The New Testament books that most resemble this Greek are Luke and Acts but they too reflect simplified grammar.
I feel that the common language in which the New Testament was written reveals an attitude we should take when we study the Bible in the original languages.
Photo by Mirjam75